Why does Africa import huge amounts of rice each year despite its rich arable land?
Without irrigation facilities, it is difficult to cultivate rice in the water. Africa, where irrigation facilities are weak, imports rice. In general, over 3 tons of water is needed per kg of rice. However, rice consumes only10-30% and the remainder is wasted like evaporation and percolation. Simultaneously, when rice is growing in water, decomposition of organic matter emits large amount of methane with a global warming potential of 28. Rice paddies are the largest man-made methane source. Assessment Report 5 of IPCC revealed that "Paddy rice cultivation (11 %) is a major source of global CH4 emissions, which in 2010 were estimated to be 493 – 723 MtCO2eq / yr." This means 1~1.5kg CO2eq is inevitable per kg or rice. We have approx. 160 million hectares of rice fields around the world. This means that about 3~4 tons CO2eq of methane is emitted per hectare. However, some papers estimate 10 tons CO2eq per hectare.
Conventional rice farming is a victim and criminal of climate change.
For sustainability, rice should be grown outside the water with biodegradable film and drip-irrigation.
Innovative rice farming with technology convergence
Seed Film Cultivation (SFC) is technology convergence with biodegradable films. We invented "Seed-attacher" to attach seeds to biodegradable films, and "Mulcher" to spread out the film. SFC with drip-irrigation (SFC/D) can minimize the unproductive water losses and grow rice outside the water like cornfields, highlands, and even deserts. Groundwater with solar water pumps is enough.
Although the SFC requires $800 per hectare of material including $500 biodegradable film with eco-adhesive and $300 drip tape, SFC is cost effective because it can produce a considerable amount of eco-friendly rice with less labor, less water and without methane.
Can't you believe it?
We will write 'H', 'O', 'P', and 'E' with rice in the Sahel region as above. When the rice grows, a pianist will play the piano with a choir of 100 children. When the concert is broadcast around the world, the feasibility of rice self-sufficiency in Africa will be proved.
In order to reduce GHG emissions as well as Africa's self-sufficiency in rice,
Africa must be the largest exporter of rice through innovation.
Looking for affordable modern technology to process your produce into finished global hot sale products? Reach out to us today, we will help to offer professional advice, design technology that fits you and your budget, fabrication and installation of equipment as well as training of your staffs.
We are also open to partnership and investment discussions.
The smallholder farmer need to grow from being a mere source of raw materials to a producer of goods for homes and factories.
The current unequal division of labour whereby the smallholder farmer produces crops which the middle men buys at a ridiculous price only for the same produce to come back as processed finished products and be sold back to him at a very high price is not encouraging growth among them. This arrangement puts the smallholder farmer perpetually in servitude and at the mercy of rich middlemen who exploits them to their advantage.
Farmers need to be encouraged to process their produce into various finished products for homes and factories to maximize the value chain, reduce post harvest loss/wastes and maximize profit.
Consequent upon this, in addition to large scale processing equipment, we also designs pocket friendly low capacity plants and equipment for processing various agricultural produce into finished products for homes and factories.
We in partnership with technical teams across Africa, Europe and Asia offers innovative professional services/advice on processing, designs fabrication and installation of processing machines/equipment at a moderate charge.
Our services also go with technology transfer package as we train your staffs on the operation and maintenance of the equipment.
Guava Leaves Can 100% Stop Your Hair Loss And Make It Grow Like Crazy. Guava leaves are actually full of many different health benefits and people aren’t aware of that. They contain high levels of vitamins A and C, potassium, healthy fiber and lycopene.
Here are 17 amazing health benefits that guava leaves offer:
*1.*Guava leaf tea can decrease bad LDL cholesterol without affecting the good HDL cholesterol levels.
*2.* Guava leaf tea can help you against bronchitis and coughs.
*3.* If you want to relieve itching caused by allergies, apply crushed guava leaves onto the affected areas.
*4.* This method will also help you relieve effect of insect bites.
*5.* Guava leaves can really help against hair loss when they’re boiled and allowed to cool on room temperature. Gently massage your scalp to stop any further hair loss.
*6.* Guava leaf tea stops carbohydrates from turning into sugar and thus suppresses appetite. This will also help you to reduce weight.
*7.* If you have an upset stomach, guava leaf tea is great. It also provides a great help in cases of food poisoning.
*8.* This tea is also effective in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery because it has strong antimicrobial properties.
*9.* Guava leaf tea is effective in treating enlarged prostate and cancer.
*10.* It is especially recommended for men who deal with fertility problems.
*11.* Guava leaves are high in vitamin C, which helps to heal acne and pimples.
*12.* Apply crushed guava leaves on minor cuts like scrapes or abrasion to prevent infections. You can also prepare tea to relieve an outer ear infection. Let the tea cool down and then drop some of it in on the affected area.
*13.* Boil 9 guava leaves in 5 cups of water until the amount you have in your pot reduces by half. This can help treat dengue. *14.* Guava leaf tea is great for diabetics. It reduces blood sugar level and does not stimulate insulin secretion.
*15.* If you want to relieve toothache, you can chew guava leaves. They can also help you against inflamed gums and sores in the oral cavity.
*16.* Crush several guava leaves and stir in a little bit of water to remove blackheads naturally. Use this instead of your regular face scrub.
*17.* You can also use the same combination to prevent premature skin aging. The results will amaze you!
So, we can easily conclude that guava leaves really possess some amazing health benefits! Use them whenever you need and if you have a guava farm, then you are really a great farmer!
Why not cultivate one even at your premises today.
Corporate organizations has this sense of social responsibility to its host community and the public at large.
There are some smart ways that corporate organizations can positively impact upon the community, environment, smallholder farmers and indeed the general public without having to pay for it. This is what I tagged, "WASTES TO FOOD SUFFICIENCY- THE SMART WAY".
Every town and community generates enormous wastes daily that constitutes serious threats to our environment. It is common to see in many towns and communities of many countries wastes littering the streets, blocking water ways, oozing out stench odors and creating health hazards.
The corporate organization can sieze this opportunity to convert this seeming threat into positive impacts by processing these wastes into organic fertilizer pellets and selling same to the smallholder farmers at a very cheap price. In doing this, the social service pays for itself while at the same time positively impacting the society by providing clean and healthy environment, essential inputs to local farmers, facilitating sufficient healthy organic food for the consuming public.
We shall be delighted to partner with corporate organizations, firms, governments, agencies and individuals in the deployment of disruptive technologies in bringing this service to our communities.
Everything in cassava has money-yielding potentials. You can also make money from sales of cassava steams and leaves. Which are usually thrown away during harvest, this can be translated to money for those who want to venture into its exploitation. It can be processed into livestock feed such as silage, cassava leaf meal and pellets. The cassava leaf is a good source of protein for ruminants and a ton of it can fetch a lot of money.
For anyone therefore who takes advantage of the supply-demand gap and venture into cassava farming will reap bounteously from the venture. Even now, cassava tubers are being imported from Republic of Benin to fill the gap. We are calling on investors to grab this opportunity and invest in our 1000 hectares fresh farmland in Enugu, so we can start working to farm cassava. With this we can stop importation and make money for ourselves and help our economy to grow stronger. Cassava production has the potential to generate a lot of money along the value chain, ranging from farming, processing, packaging to marketing and export. All I can say is that, you can never regret investing in cassava business in Enugu, state and a country like Nigeria. Take the bold step today. Contact us via- firstname.lastname@example.org
A background of the climate change effects on agricultural production
Majority of Kenyan adults will tell you that they grew up in the rural villages where farming was the mainstay of many households. They will also likely tell you how they have experienced changes in farming conditions over time, mainly as a result of changes in weather patterns. Those days, our farming parents and grandparents could predict with precision when the rains would start and it was always possible to till the land and have the seeds planted days before the onset of the rainy season. Many Kenyan’s will remember how April school holidays corresponded with farms that were just turning green from the germinating crops, and how our parents were always eager to have us spend the holiday helping in weeding for the crops. This is no longer the case now! A lot has changed just two to three decades later!
The rain patterns are no longer as predictable and rain-fed agriculture as we knew it has become a big gamble for farmers! A good pointer to these adverse changes is what we just experienced in many parts of Kenya in this year’s long rains season. The rains started in May (instead of March) and lasted for just a couple of weeks. It is no longer the long rains as we used to call it! Back in the days, there was great certainty that the rains will start in mid-March and continue until late June or longer. That was a long enough period of precipitation that was in ideal for rain-fed farming. The shortened and unpredictable rainy seasons in the recent years has had a huge negative effect on the majority of Kenyan farming. Crop failure has become a common reality, with a rising frequency and severity of droughts.
So what has changed?
A keen look at Kenya’s rainfall patterns in the 1980’s and the most recent years will show that the annual total precipitation has not changed much, but the patterns have greatly changed such that rains are received over a much shortened period and in a more erratic manner. Temperatures have also risen and all these could be attributed to climate change. Shortened and unpredictable rainfall seasons, combined with higher temperatures have a severe effect on rain-fed farming methods! High rainfall amounts (sometimes coming in as storms) being received over a shortened period also have other effects such as increased soil erosion, landslides and floods that make it worse-off for farmers. The worsening conditions have resulted to a majority of farmers giving up on their main source of livelihood!
But how could water harvesting help change the situation?
In essence, rainfall amounts have not reduced but the patterns have changed, making rain-fed system of farming more unsustainable. However, farmers can adopt mechanisms that would help them cope with the effects of these changes. One main approach for coping would be collecting water from ground-run off or from other surfaces such as roofs, reserve it in bigger quantities and use it to irrigate farms during the dry seasons. The potential for water harvesting is vastly untapped, with 0ver 80% of water received from rainfall running-off the ground and only less than 20% being absorbed into the soils in cultivated land. The run-off percentage is even higher with flash rains that are becoming more frequent lately. It is even higher in rocky and steep grounds. The method is also highly sustainable since the water resource is renewed/ replenished every time it rains.
One of the most efficient and relatively cheaper ways for enabling farmers to harvest the ground-run off is by use of underground water ponds. A major weakness for ponds has always been the loss of the preserved water through ground seepage. However, recent technologies have enabled farmers to improve the ponds through the use of special liners to eliminate any loss through seepage.
We have been working with farmers to ensure that they adopt this water harvesting technology and from the experiences, it has been a huge relief to many who were almost giving up farming altogether. A medium sized pond with a volume of 300cubic liters has the capacity to irrigate about an acre of crops for a season (especially if combined with efficient irrigation systems). The benefit for this is that farmers are able to shift to the more sustainable irrigated farming which also has higher returns in terms of yields per acreage as well as in value of crops that can be grown. With irrigation, farmers are able to grow crops that are higher in value such as vegetables and fruits. This does not only improve their income, but also their household dietary intake!
Availability of water for irrigation also helps farmers increase forest cover, especially through planting of perennial fruit trees. This has a positive and direct impact on climate change. Increased vegetation on the farms has also contributed to a reduction in soil erosion and a higher retention rate of ground moisture.
challenges to wide-scale adoption and possible solutions
While these solutions are easily replicable for almost every farming household in Kenya and beyond, the major obstacles for the adoption are the unavailability the technology in many parts of the country and the high initial investment costs required for installation. Many farmers we encounter are not aware of the existence of such a technology. The installations require some technical knowledge since the ponds have to be designed in a way that they are not damaged by excessive run-off or silt. This calls for skills transfer to rural based technicians.
On the cost aspect, our experience is that while many farmers who get exposed to the workings of the technology may want to have it installed, the initial costs are quite prohibitive. One method we use for bringing down the costs is using the households’ labor to do the actual excavation manually if the pond sizes are not so big, while we provide the technical support and supply the other materials such as the pond liners. With the devolution of agriculture to the County governments, counties could help households by providing excavation services (some counties have already invested in excavators).
Despite these obstacles, the increased incomes that farmers generate few months after installation opens up possibilities for pre-arranged financing models from lenders and micro financing institutions. We are currently at a point where such models would be of great interest to explore, since they would guarantee benefits to the farmers, the lenders and the service/ technology providers. An increase in quantity and quality of production from the smallholders would obviously have a much bigger impact to the society through improved food security, a rise for rural based economies/jobs and a ripple effect on overall growth in country’s GDP among other benefits.
Wider stakeholder involvement necessary
Agriculture is a major sector in Kenya’s economy and channeling more investments in it would guarantee a multiplier effect. The country spends huge resources importing food every now and then, due to frequent droughts that cause food shortage. The national and county governments should actively explore policies that would enhance wide-scale adoption of the technology. Improving agricultural productivity has huge effects on the social and economic aspects of the populace, meaning that other key players such as academics, private sector and development organization should be active players in ensuring that improved technologies are adopted faster. As it has been proven, investments in the agricultural sector, especially in developing world have a much higher return than in other sectors, and play a much bigger role in poverty reduction.
Just received this great photo from a past client in Kithimani, Machakos County in Kenya. His water harvesting pond is completely full and this guarantees him of continued crop production during the oncoming dry months. This is the way to transform these semi arid regions into Kenya's food basket. #FoodSecurityKe#Big4ActionPlan#Climatesmartagriculture
Cassava is an important food grown Nigeria, especially in south-east Nigeria.
It is tuberous and has the ability to thrive in poor soils and has considerable resistance to drought. It is also used to refer to the root of this tropical plant. It is botanically called manihot-esculenta and also called maniac or tapioca. Cassava is seen as readily available raw materials for establishment of small and medium scale industries in Nigeria. Nigeria’s staple garri is produced from the root of this crop.
Cassava is used mainly for producing animal feed. The dry roots chips and pellets are usually preferred by industrial animal feeds producers in America and Europe. Alcohol is also extracted from cassava. Textile industries and food industries need starch.
In Africa and most of the third world countries, smallholder farmers contributes over seventy percent of the local food need of the country yet still remain at the peasant level. The various home government apart from the usual rhetoric of words have not done anything to add value or ameliorate the stress they go through to feed the teeming population.
The future of Africa and indeed the third world is in agriculture and therefore a concrete and concerted arrangement to help and support smallholder farmers should be put in place considering their economic and social importance to the nations.
One of these arrangement is the provision of ready markets for them to sell their produce by encouraging the establishment of processing factories. By putting processing factories in place, the smallholder farmer does not only have access to a ready market for his produce but other areas of challenge such as post harvest loss/wastes, storage, etc are addressed. The farmer will also be encouraged to produce more thus leading to food surplus/sufficiency. The local economy will as well be boosted by the activities of the processing factories thus leading to employment generation, minimal crime and social vices that are common in poverty stricken communities.
It is strongly recommended to governments, donor agencies, organizations, individuals, etc that is considering assistance to smallholder farmers to look at this direction also.
We offer to bring our wealth of experience in agricultural produce Processing to bear in helping out.